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Vol. 23 (62), № 4, 2010
Biology, chemistry

 BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

Agaponov N.N., Boyko G.E
Work experience agroforestry «sandy-ravine expeditions» in southern areas of Tsarist Russia and its royal succession for Ukraine
The description of work experience in agroforestry sandy ravine lots in the southern regions of Tsarist Russia and its continuity for Ukraine.

Ananchenko M.N ,Chuyan, E.N
Indicators of the volume blood-groove at examinees with different microblood types in the conditions of influence lowintensity of millimetric radiation
It has been revealed сhanges of indicators of a volume blood-groove at examinees with different microblood types in the conditions of influence lowintensity of millimetric radiation at conditionally healthy girls- volunteers in the age of 18-23 years by metod laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF). It is shown that of lowintensity of electromagnetic radiation of extremely high-frequency renders effective correcting the differentiated influence on indicators of the volume blood-groove, causing indemnification-adaptive reactions. Course influence of electromagnetic radiation of extremely high-frequency leads to levelling of intergroup distinctions and approach of values of indicators of the volume blood-groove at examinees with hypoemical and hyperemic microcirculation types to the most balanced in the functional relation normoemical that testifies about it homeostatic action.

Аndreeva N.A.
Long-term dynamics of general composition and individual agents of upper airways microbal cenoses in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), kept in Sevastopol Oceanarium
Results of research in long-term dynamics of upper airways microbal cenoses in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) kept in Sevastopol Oceanarium are presented. Change in composition and dominant forms of microorganisms within 9 years has been revealed. Species and quantitative composition of bacterial associations that most frequently found in a respiratory tract of dolphins of the investigated population has been specified. It is suggested that there is a periodicity of occurrence and disappearance of individual agents in respiratory microflora of adapted animals. Value and occurrence of Staphylococcus and Proteus representatives in microflora of a respiratory tract of dolphins are examined.

Biryukova E.A. ,Chuyan E.N.
Heart rate variability in subjects with different types vegetative regulation under the influence of controlled respiration with individually selected frequency (Part II)
The article presents a complex study of heart rate variability (HRV) in subjects with different types of vegetative regulation under the influence of controlled breathing (CB) with individually selected frequency. The study found that that the CB, the frequency of which corresponds to the maximum peak power at low frequencies, the spectrum of cardiac rhythm is a powerful way to control heart rhythm, and functional status (FS), cardio-respiratory system of subjects with different types of autonomic regulation, as evidenced by optimization of HRV, increased tolerance of the cardiovascular system to submaximal exercise and increase the synchronization of cardiac and respiratory rhythms.

Bogatina N.I, Sheykina N.V.
Influence of magnetic fields on plants
The literary review of the data about influence of magnetic fields of various intensity on plants is presented.

Boyko O.V., Lantushenko A.O., Lukyanchuk G.A., Salamatin V.V., Shckorbatov Y.G. 
The effect of mobile phone microwave radiation and influence of electromagnetic radiation (EMR) of different intensities of WiMAX radio frequency on chromatin in human cells
The effect of mobile phone microwave radiation and influence of electromagnetic radiation of different intensities of WiMAX radio frequency – 3.7 GHz on chromatin in human cells have been studied. The functional activity of cell nuclei has been assessed by the changes in degree of chromatin condensation. The results of the study indicate the substantial increase in degree of chromatin condensation caused  by mobile phone electromagnetic 10-minute irradiation and microwave WiMAX frequency – 3.7 GHz of 40 mW/cm2 surface power density.

Bugaenko L.A.
Genetic and biotechnological aspects of specification of ways biosynthesis of monoterpenoids in mint
The article shows two ways of biosynthesis of menthol in Mentha canadensis L. (piperitonic and pulegonic), which have been confirmed by genetic research and experiments on biotransformation of monoterpens in culture of cells in vitro.

Bukov Y., Belousova I.
Capnography in the extimation of respiratori disorders and current functional condition in students
Carbon dioxide content in student’s exhalatise air thas investigated by the method of capnography. According to cahnographic data, three types of ventilation were determined. Dependendence between aerobic resacrces and partial pressure of CO2 in lund’s alveoli was demopetrated.

Evstafjeva H., Ovsyannikova N.
Multivariate statistical analysis: a theoretical overview and first steps of approbation in the Crimea
Individual psychological determinants of the personality types determined using the Jenkins' questionnaire are described. The coronary-prone type is psychologically characterized basing on the results of correlation and dispersion analyzes. Gender differences between the subjects of the coronary-prone type are shown.

Zhurba R.G., Zhurba A.G., Simchuk A.P.
Influence of the DNA from gene-modified GTS 40-3-2 soya and MON810 corn on the O-55 and M-17 E. coli stams
The work is focused on the investigation of the influence of DNA from some GMO lines on E. coli. PCR of colonies, that were grown with the presence of genetically modified DNA, has shown that colonies of one of the stamps selectively accumulate some of the artificially inserted DNA fragments.

Zinchenko A.A., Shatalov V.M.
Degassing of blood plasma alter erythrocyte sedimentation rate
Obtained by normalizing the variation of the partial pressure of dissolved gases in the blood plasma of O2 and CO2, depending on the duration of centrifugation of the samples. Shown that centrifugation of blood leads to a nonmonotonic change in erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), initially to reduce and then to an increase in sedimentation rate a few times. Provides evidence that this effect is associated with degassing of blood plasma. A model according to which the change in ESR due to the adsorption of micro-bubbles of air on the membrane of red blood cells.

Ilyuha L.M.
The Comparative Analysis of the Electrical Activity  of the Rhinencephal Structures of the Animals
The comparative analysis of the formation mechanisms was carried out and the character and dynamics of the definite components of olfactory bulbs and piriform cortex electrical activity (flash components of the olfacto- amygdalar rhythm, high wave synchronised activity, respiratory waves and polymorphic activity) among laboratorial macrosmatic  animals. The obtained data are discussed from the position of possible separation of OAR from only sensor function and its consideration as non-specific source of the cerebral activation in the organisation of the integral behaviour acts of the animals-macrosmatics.

Kaganova N.V.
Principle of selecting stress–resistant bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus ponticus Barabash, 1940)
The model of selecting Black Sea bottlenose dolphins adequate for long-term keeping in Oceanarium conditions has been presented. Two-stage selection was based on finding stress-resistant individuals on results of associated value of glucose and eosinophils in blood. Initial selection of wild dolphins was carried out directly after capture and transportation to a permanent place of their keeping. After three-month adaptation stress-resistant individuals adequate for keeping in captivity conditions were selected.

Klimova E.M., Zvyagintseva O.V., Bozhkov A.I.
Change of protein fraction ratio and humoral serum factor concentrations after the influence of copper sulfate at experimental animals
Researches of protein serum factor content at experimental animals after the influence of copper sulfate, parallel influence of copper sulfate and composite preparation, composite preparation are carried out. Blood serum protein fraction polymorphism at experimental animals in comparison with control group values is displayed. Changes of gumoral immunity factor concentration  – circulatory immune complexes, middle molecular mass peptides, and also immunoglobulins  of class A, M, G at experimental animals are revealed.

Konoshenko S.V., Dolgov M.A.
The formation of secondary products of lipids peroxidation and products of protein destruction in human erythrocytes in the conditions of oxidative stress under different temperature
Under incubation of human erytrocytes in the Fenton system the content of secondary products of lipids peroxidation is rised and the content of middle mass oligopeptides is lowed in the hemolysates. The intensification of oxidative processes in erytrocytes is rised with more high temperature.

Lyzogub V.S., Yukhymenko L.I., Khomenko S.M., Chernenko N.P. 
Heart rhythm at the persons with diferents functional mobility of nervous processes duaring work with acustic information
In persons with different functional mobility of nervous processes the features of regulation of hearty rhythm during long differentiation of acoustic information was investigated. Low total power of spectrum of hearty rhythm is was seted for certain, spectrum on high and very low frequency for people with a high level in relation to people with the low level of functional of nervous processes. Correlation is educed between functional mobility of nervous processes and some parameters of cardiac rhythm.

Lyahova I., Teplitskaya L.
The study of morphological characteristics of seeds Anthyllis taurica Juz. and their germination process in vitro
The results of the study of morphological and morphometric features of mature seeds of endemic species of Crimean flora Antyllis taurica Juz. are listed here. The possibility of mass production of seedlings in sterile culture is shown. The optimal conditions for the cultivation and stimulation of germination of the Antyllis taurica Juz. in vitro are selected.

Makarycheva A.A., Pavlenko V.B., Martynova A.A., Cherny S.V.
Correlations between on-going emotional human state and characteristics of evoked potentials induced by presentation of emotionally significant stimuli
Correlations between amplitude-temporal parameters of visual evoked potentials, personality traits and on- going emotional human state are investigated. It is shown that persons feeling negative emotions have EP with shorter latencies of almost all components under the negative emotional conditions.

Manankova O.P.
The influence of gibberellin on fruit formation of grapes` seed varieties in the Crimean conditions
The results of studying the effect of gibberellin on fruit formation of grape` seed varieties in the Crimean conditions are presented.  It was established experimentally that the preparation increases the yield of seed varieties in 25-100%. The long-term studies prove high efficiency and profitability of gibberellin use on grape plantations.

Minina E.N.
Age-dependent features of vestibulo-ol'faktorno-vegetativnykh of intercommunications are in providing of vegetative adjusting of activity and possibility of their correction
Vestibulo-vegetative intercommunications are important for maintenance of adaptation mechanisms in different age-dependent periods of women, and olfactory stimuli can amend in providing of adjusting. By the loading vestibular testing it is possible to watch changes as a result of correction influences, to expose as hidden adjusting insufficiency, so functional backlogs and their increase.

Razumeyko V.N.
Biotopical distribution of mosquito genus Culex (Diptera, Culicidae) in different landscape-climatic zones of the Crimea
Biotopical distribution of mosquito genus Culex in different landscape-climatic zones of the Crimea are considered, epidemiological value, the main features of their biology and ecology are described.

Repetskaya A.I. Savushkina I.G., Leonov V.V., Seit-Ablaeva S.S.
Gymnosperm plants in Botanic Garden of the Taurida National V.I. Vernadsky University
The article presents data on the species and varieties of gymnosperms, which are cultivated in the Botanic Garden of the Taurida National V.I. Vernadsky University.

Simagina N.O.
Features of display of phytotoxic effect in the model systems
The got results testify to the presence density dependent phytotoxic effect in the investigated halophyt’s comunities. It was determined that with the increase of concentration of allelopathic active substances  in an environment dependence of indexes of mass of seedlings increases on their closeness.

Sytnik N.A., Orlenko A.N., Zolotnitsky A.P..
Individual fecundity and generative growth speed of oysters (Оstrea edulis L.)
Individual fecundity and generation growth speed of flat oyster it is investigated. Depending on weight of a body fecundity of oysters varies from 0,13 to 2,39 million larvae·ind-1. The characteristic of specific generative production value oyster was given which was close to 17 %. With the age and increase of body weight the generative growth speed advances of a somatic mollusk tissue.

Temuryants N.A., Chuyan E.N., Tumanyants K.N., Kostyuk A.S., Tumanyants E.N.
Changes nociception of molluscs Helix albescens under the influence of low intensity electromagnetic radiation of extremely high frequency and its changes under the influence naloxone
The effect of low-intensity EMR EHF on the parameters of nociceptive sensitivity of molluscs Helix albescens. It is shown that the mechanisms of antinociceptive action of EMR EHF is important opioid system. The role of opioid system varies differently at different stages of the electromagnetic stimulus and depends on the duration of the impact factor.

Tribrat N.S., Chuyan E.N.,
Modulation of microcirculation processes with the help of low millimeter radiation
Using the method of laser Doppler flowmetry it was shown that low-intensity EHF EMR has a gross effect on the processes of microcirculation in human skin, wich expressed in a change of nonoscillatory and oscillatory characteristics of basal blood flow and indices of microvascular tone. Momentary influence of EHF EMR leads to a local decrease in peripheral resistance and domination of nutritional blood flow in the shunt one against depression in favor of which indicate an increase in the amplitudes of myogenic and endothelial tissue blood flow oscillations indicate the against background of a decrease myogenic tone and indicator shunt only in the localization of EHF exposure. Repeated exposure EHF EMR has a shiking effect on the change of nonoscillatory and oscillatory indicators of passive and active regulation factors of microcirculatory processes resulting in an increase in the production of vasodilators, decrease in peripheral resistance in the arterioles and precapillares, increase blood flow in the microvascular against the background improved venular outflow. In the mechanisms of action of low-intensity EHF EMR on microcirculatory processes the main role belongs to endothelium-dependent, endothelium-independent myogenic and neurogenic components of the regulation of tissue blood flow.

Chernyi S.V., Makhin S.A., Makaricheva A.A., Grebenyuk A.A.
Patterns of event-related EEG-potentials as markers of aggressiveness in humans
There were studied the patterns of evoked and event-related EEG-potentials as the markers of aggressiveness in humans. The high level of aggressiveness was found to be connected with the weak reaction to changes in extraceptive information, with increased cognitive component of information processing and increased components showing up the orientation response.

Chuyan E.N., Gornaya O.I.
The behaviourial reactions of animals with the varied type of motor asymmetry under the circumstances of chronic and pain stresses
The changes of animals with the varied type of motor asymmetry behaviourial reactions under the circumstances of chronic hypokinetic and sharp pain stress-factors isolated influence and their combination are studied. It is shown that the type of motor asymmetry can serve the criterion of their sensitiveness to the stress influences.

Shinkarevsky P.V.
Fractal coefficient on the physiological constituent of bioelectrographic for determination of orientation of influence of small doses of alcohol matters on the functional state of the systems of integral organism
Some possibilities of determination the influence of small doses of matters containing alcohol on human body by the fractal coefficient on the physiological constituent of bioelectrographic researches are considered in the article. It is suggested to take into account the base-line values of fractal coefficient for determination of orientation of influence of small doses of alcohol matters on the functional state of the systems of integral organism.

Yurkova I., Taikova V., Bugara I., Teplitskaya L.
The selenium concentration in callus culture of Astragalus dasianthus (Pall.)
The regularities of selenium accumulations in callus cultures of Astragalus dasyanthus of selenium concentration in culture medium was depending. The stepped increase of selenium concentration in culture medium significantly increased the degree of concentration of selenium and the growth activity was shown. The maximum selenium content in callus biomass increased of 74 degree compared with the control.

Yarmolyuk N.S., Temuryants N.A., Shehotkin A.V.
Influence of electromagnetic shielding on the dynamics speed planar Dugesia tigrina with different individual features
The effect of electromagnetic shielding on the velocity of planarians Dugesia tigrina with different individual characteristics. Under the influence of electromagnetic shielding changes the dynamics of the velocity of planarians, which was more pronounced in groups with low physical activity.

CHEMICAL SCIENCES

Baevsky A.M., Tsykalov V.V., Baevsky M.Y.
Condensation of unsaturated oxazol-5-one with bifunctional amines
The reaction of derivatives of oxazol-5-one is studied with 1,2-deputized to the difunctional amines. It is shown that depending on nature of amine and chosen terms the reaction of opening of oxazolic cycle flows on разному, in a number of cases stopped on the stage of formation of amide. The row of new derivatives of benzimidazole and benzoxazole is synthesized. The structure of the synthesized connections is confirmed by the methods of HMR-spectroscopy.

Vyatkina O.V., Lavrentieva I.V.
Catalitic activity of peroxidase of a radish black is immobilized on bentonite in water systems with Hydroquinone
In article results of research of catalytic activity of a peroxidase of a radish black is immobilized on bentonite in water systems with Hydroquinone are resulted. It is shown that the immobilization of a peroxidase of a radish black on bentonite increases its activity in oxidation reaction of hydroquinone in 2 times in comparison with native enzyme, the maximum speed of reaction – in 4,8 times, thus рН and thermostability of enzyme raises. It causes possibility of its wide application in the diverse schemes of water purification.

Grishkovets V.I., Dovgyy I.I., Yakovishin L.A.
Hаemolytic activity of triterpene glycosides of Araliaceae family.
Hаemolytic activity of triterpene glycosides of Araliaceae family was studied. The features of structure (aglycon and carbohydrate chain) what have an impact on the level of activity were determined.

Gunchak S.A., Pertel S.S., Kakayan E.S., Chirva V.Ya.
New approaches to 4,6-O-benzylidenation of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine in aprotic solvent media
Two new methods of preparation of 2-acetamido-4,6-О-benzylidene-2-deoxy-D-glucopyranose, which is widely used in synthetic carbohydrate chemistry, are proposed. The methods are based on direct benzylidenation of N-acetyl-D-glucosamine in polar aprotic solvent media using benzaldehyde dimethyl acetal as benzylidenating agent in the presence of mild acidic catalyst – pyridinium perchlorate.

Krivokolysko S.G.
Multicomponent synthesis selenium containing pyridine derivatives
The derivatives of Se-containing pyridines, namely, 2-alkylseleno-3-cyano-4,6-dimethyl-5- phenylcarbamoylpyridines and 3-amino-2-benzoyl-4, 6-dimethyl-5-phenylcarbamoylselenopheno [2,3- b]pyridine, were obtained by multi-component reaction of acetaldehyde with cyanoselenoacetamide, acetoacetanilide and alkyl halides in the presence of excessive N-methylmorpholine.

Lataeva A.V., Chuenko A.V., Tsigunovich O.A., Trofimchuk A.K.
Sorbtion concentration of vanadium(V) from mineral waters on silica's with the added groups which are containing sulphur and his determination by an atomic-absorbtion spectrophotometry
The optimum terms of sorbtion of vanadium(V) on silicagel are set, chemically modified by merkaptopropil groups and derivative tiourea. On the basis of the got isotherms persorption V+5 are set, that on merkaptopropil silicagel are sorbing oksocations and dekavanadat-ions. Influence of chloride-ions on direct electro-thermal atomic-absorption (ETAAS) determination of vanadium in mineral waters is explored in work. The indicated approach enables to execute the ETAAS analysis of mineral waters with concentration of chlorides to 188 g/dm3 with the low bound of the determination 0,4 mkg/dm3.

Savchuk O.A., Boruk S.D., Dremlyuzhenko S.G., Tomashik V.N., Yurijchuk I.N.
Influence of acids that contain phosphorus on stability of suspensions of finely dispersed powders cadmium of telluride
It is set that introduction to the highly-dispersed systems of telluride cadmium and aerosols of containing phosphorus modifiers in inorganic (water) and organic (ethanol, isopropanol) solvents cause the change of their descriptions due to formation of adsorption layer on-the-spot particles of dispersible phase. The got results can find practical application at development of new composition materials on basis cadmium of telluride and aerosols.